Marriage and divorce
Marriage means a special legal relationship between spouses and also has financial implications that need to be addressed when the marriage ends, whether due to divorce or the death of one of the spouses. Simply put, the most fundamental financial implication of a marriage is that spouses keep their own assets during marriage, but when the marriage ends, the possible difference between the number of assets is evened out between the spouses, and whoever has more assets has to give some of them to the other spouse.
It is possible – and often advisable – to be prepared for the financial implications of a marriage by means of a mutual testament and a prenuptial agreement. Both can be drawn up either before or during marriage. When a marriage ends, it may be necessary to seek professional legal help to secure one’s legal and financial interests.
Children: custody, residence and access
When a child’s parents do not live together, it is necessary to make arrangements for matters related to custody, residence and access.
Municipal child welfare supervisors are the primary source of help in agreeing and making such arrangements. However, if it is impossible to find a mutual agreement, it is advisable to contact a lawyer as early as possible. Our lawyers have extensive experience in taking care of legal matters related to children. Our primary aim is always a quick settlement of the case and avoidance of disputes, as they may be harmful for the child. In most cases, we succeed, but sometimes it is necessary to go to court.
There are fewer financial implications in a common-law partnership (unmarried partners living together) than in a marriage, and there is no similar system to even out differences in the number of assets if such a partnership ends. However, according to an act that came into force in Finland in 2011, if a common-law partnership ends, a spouse, who has worked for the joint household of the spouses without compensation, is entitled to be recompensed by the other spouse. In addition, the act provides for the appointment of a distributor of an estate to separate the assets of the spouses, if they cannot reach an agreement when the partnership ends.